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Ebook El instinto del lenguaje by Steven Pinker read! Book Title: El instinto del lenguaje
The author of the book: Steven Pinker
Language: English
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 313 KB
Edition: Alianza Editorial
Date of issue: 2012
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data

Read full description of the books El instinto del lenguaje:

Steven Pinker es un destacado psicólogo experimental, científico cognitivo y autor de libros de divulgación científica para el público en general. Éste es el caso de El instinto del lenguaje, un libro que, si bien puede ocasionar algunas dificultades a los lectores legos, está pensado para que todos puedan entender sus puntos principales, no solamente los estudiantes de lingüística.

La teoría sobre la que se apoya El instinto del lenguaje es que los seres humanos poseemos la capacidad innata de comunicarnos mediante el lenguaje, siendo éste una capacidad adquirida mediante la evolución y privativa de nuestra especie. A lo largo del libro, Pinker discute con teorías populares que señalan que el lenguaje es algo cultural, construido por los seres humanos y que se transmite mediante la enseñanza, la existencia de monos que aprendieron lenguaje de señas, la necesidad de corregir los errores de los niños que están aprendiendo a hablar. Recopila diversas pruebas que demuestran lo contrario.

Comienza desarrollando su hipótesis a partir de los resultados de años de estudios del lenguaje en los niños. Éstos tienen la capacidad de aprender una lengua independientemente de la calidad del estímulo al que se vean expuestos. Además, no es posible “decidir aprender” a hablar; por el contrario, es inevitable.

Pinker también discute que el lenguaje sea producto de la inteligencia humana: numerosos pacientes afásicos –que, no obstante conservar sus facultades mentales intactas, no pueden hilvanar un discurso coherente- le demuestran la disociación entre la facultad del lenguaje y otras facultades mentales. En efecto, Pinker está de acuerdo con la teoría de la modularidad de la mente humana. Es más: para el lenguaje existe un órgano especializado (en realidad, un área del cerebro).

La teoría de Pinker, sin embargo, dista de ser aceptada por el conjunto de especialistas en estudios del lenguaje y la mente. Este libro ha generado más de una polémica y el autor cuenta con numerosos detractores.

Fuente: (Mariana)

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Ebook El instinto del lenguaje read Online! Steven Arthur Pinker is a prominent Canadian-American experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, and author of popular science. Pinker is known for his wide-ranging advocacy of evolutionary psychology and the computational theory of mind. He conducts research on language and cognition, writes for publications such as the New York Times, Time, and The New Republic, and is the author of seven books, including The Language Instinct, How the Mind Works, Words and Rules, The Blank Slate, and most recently, The Stuff of Thought: Language as a Window into Human Nature.

He was born in Canada and graduated from Montreal's Dawson College in 1973. He received a bachelor's degree in experimental psychology from McGill University in 1976, and then went on to earn his doctorate in the same discipline at Harvard in 1979. He did research at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) for a year, then became an assistant professor at Harvard and then Stanford University. From 1982 until 2003, Pinker taught at the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT, and eventually became the director of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience. (Except for a one-year sabbatical at the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1995-6.) As of 2008, he is the Johnstone Family Professor of Psychology at Harvard.

Pinker was named one of Time Magazine's 100 most influential people in the world in 2004 and one of Prospect and Foreign Policy's 100 top public intellectuals in 2005. He has also received honorary doctorates from the universities of Newcastle, Surrey, Tel Aviv, McGill, and the University of Tromsø, Norway. He was twice a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize, in 1998 and in 2003. In January 2005, Pinker defended Lawrence Summers, President of Harvard University, whose comments about the gender gap in mathematics and science angered much of the faculty. On May 13th 2006, Pinker received the American Humanist Association's Humanist of the Year award for his contributions to public understanding of human evolution.

In 2007, he was invited on The Colbert Report and asked under pressure to sum up how the brain works in five words – Pinker answered "Brain cells fire in patterns."

Pinker was born into the English-speaking Jewish community of Montreal. He has said, "I was never religious in the theological sense... I never outgrew my conversion to atheism at 13, but at various times was a serious cultural Jew." As a teenager, he says he considered himself an anarchist until he witnessed civil unrest following a police strike in 1969. His father, a trained lawyer, first worked as a traveling salesman, while his mother was first a home-maker then a guidance counselor and high-school vice-principal. He has two younger siblings. His brother is a policy analyst for the Canadian government. His sister, Susan Pinker, is a school psychologist and writer, author of The Sexual Paradox.

Pinker married Nancy Etcoff in 1980 and they divorced 1992; he married Ilavenil Subbiah in 1995 and they too divorced. His current wife is the novelist and philosopher Rebecca Goldstein. He has no children.

He is currently working on an upcoming book about the evolution of human morality, specifically focusing on "the historical decline of violence and its psychological roots" as stated by the author himself on the Harvard website.

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