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Book Title: مارك توين، سيرة ذاتية|
The author of the book: Mark Twain
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 680 KB
Edition: هيئة أبوظبي للسياحة والثقافة
Date of issue: November 2014
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Read full description of the books مارك توين، سيرة ذاتية:يعتبر مارك توين من رواد الكتابة والرواية في أمريكا. اسمه الحقيقي صموئيل كليمنس. ولد سنة 1835. عرف بأسلوبه الرائع الذي تميز بروح الفكاهة، وقد بدأ يكتب للصحافة منذ الصبا. عمل في مهن مختلفةن بينها ربان باخرة.
انتقلت أسرته بعد ولادته إلى هانيبال حيث توفي أبوه، ليبدأ كفاحه من أجل البقاء، وهو الكفاح الذي رسم كل خط في أدبه فيما بعد. شارك في الحرب الأهلية، وكان لذلك أثر عميق في شخصيته.
كانت حياته سلسلة من المصائب: فهو الطفل المشاغب الذي ظفر بعداء الجميع، وهو الاقتصادي الفاشل الذي يعاني الإفلاس، وهو البائس الذى رأى أخاه يحترق، وهو الزوج الذي فقد أفراد اسرته وظل وحيداً. تميز مارك توين بشعبية عالية بين الأمريكيين، وكانت قصصه مرآة صادقة للمجتمع الأمريكي. توفي سنة 1910
Read information about the authorSamuel Langhorne Clemens, better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author and humorist. He is noted for his novels Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), called "the Great American Novel", and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876).
Twain grew up in Hannibal, Missouri, which would later provide the setting for Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer. He apprenticed with a printer. He also worked as a typesetter and contributed articles to his older brother Orion's newspaper. After toiling as a printer in various cities, he became a master riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River, before heading west to join Orion. He was a failure at gold mining, so he next turned to journalism. While a reporter, he wrote a humorous story, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County," which proved to be very popular and brought him nationwide attention. His travelogues were also well-received. Twain had found his calling.
He achieved great success as a writer and public speaker. His wit and satire earned praise from critics and peers, and he was a friend to presidents, artists, industrialists, and European royalty.
However, he lacked financial acumen. Though he made a great deal of money from his writings and lectures, he squandered it on various ventures, in particular the Paige Compositor, and was forced to declare bankruptcy. With the help of Henry Huttleston Rogers, however, he eventually overcame his financial troubles. Twain worked hard to ensure that all of his creditors were paid in full, even though his bankruptcy had relieved him of the legal responsibility.
Born during a visit by Halley's Comet, he died on its return. He was lauded as the "greatest American humorist of his age", and William Faulkner called Twain "the father of American literature".
Excerpted from Wikipedia.
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